Instead, Chrisitianity swept the traditional African culture. Modernization as such is said to be an everlasting process without any terminal point. Certainly our lives have become much more affluent, convenient and comfortable than ever before. In ancient times there was the Jingi Seido whereby the nation itself performs rites for gods who protect the people and the nationand the bakufu and daimyo in the Edo period gave their support to Shinto festivals.
This can well be understood by studying the stability of the society. Even if modernization is necessary to improve human life, it will be indispensable for Eastern nations to maintain their traditional cultures too.
The traditional practices held by the Igbo people were made of no good value in the light of Christianity Booker, Moreover, it was in the middle of the Edo period that Kokugaku National Learning started. Japanese people have maintained a great interest and curiosity in imported things, including religion and science.
It is out of this observation and realisation that this book was born. Emperors have been not despots and exploiters but figures who mainly controlled the balance of power among competing leaders.
In this combination, the villagers hold a meeting of which the white government sends messengers to stop it. He continually condemns Mr. Through Hirado and Nagasaki, Japan continues to receive various kinds of stimulation of from China and Western countries even during her policy of seclusion in the Edo period.
Another thing to note is that whenever different cultures come into contact there is always struggle for dominance Booker, On the other hand, material fulfillment and the expediency of life have invited the alienation of man.
It was in the middle ages that new stream of Buddhism such as Shin Buddhism and Nichiren Buddhism developed. Along with other new policies such as the reformation of the family system and land system, the Shinto Directive had serious influence upon the promotion of moral education as well as upon Shinto itself.
This is for the reason that Reverend Smith, seem to have been seeking for dominance that resulted to the local church being destroyed. As time went on, however, something traditional gradually revived. It is in this sphere that traditional culture will be able to contribute to the modernization process of each nation.
This is because modernization, when it occurred in these countries, quite often meant accepting Western culture and resulted in great changes of everyday life. Increased unification of large bodies of population under one control nations and the growing interaction of such units international relations.
There are several requirements for surviving in the future. Although these things gave Japanese people some convenience and a smell of new culture, the functions they performed were almost the same as those which indigenous substitutes had fulfilled in earlier times.
He then decides never to let the whites imprison him at any time Achebe, The return of Okonkwo and his family in Umuofia marks the third and the last part of the plot of the novel.
Moreover, world-wide problems such as economic gaps among nations, overpopulation, starvation, draining of resources, nuclear armament, human rights, and environmental pollution have emerged.
For the Karo people, beauty is an intricate part of their culture as the women practice scarification marking themselves with razors to create intricate patternsputting red ochre to their hair and painting their body with white chalk to seem more attractive.
After Manchurian Incidentnational Shinto was quite often manipulated in order to unify the mind of the people. Prior to the middle ages, Japanese culture had been fostered and formed by stimulation from foreign cultures. In consistence with this, the behavior of the missionaries is questionable especially for Reverend Smith who sees things as black and white.
When discussing national identity in indigenous cultures, we must remember that Japanese people have always made a choice or selection among incoming things, and have maintained a strong stability against the excessive influx of foreign elements, although it is a historical fact that Japanese people have been positive toward accepting foreign cultures.Africa has been late in joining the rest of the world in the indigenous movement.
It was the persecuted, oppressed, and sometimes-destroyed nations on the American continent that forced the the so-called modern world to recognize the rights of indigenous peoples.
DEALING WITH CULTURAL DIFFERENCES: Contrasting the African and European Worldviews By Orville Boyd Jenkins to most Asian and indigenous American cultures. Africa is a large place with varied peoples and innumerable cultural and linguistic variations.
But it is only culture shock – a normal occurrence when entering a new. For postcolonial Africa, modernization was seen as a necessary outcome of the struggle for independence and as crucial to the success of its newly established states.
Since then, the rhetoric of modernization has pervaded policy, culture, and development, lending a kind of political theatricality to. At the advent of Modernization there has been so much that has been revealed concerning the traditional African culture.
In line with this, is the Chinua Achebe's famous work entitled 'Things Fall Apart'. The continent of Africa is richly endowed with diverse cultures, a body of indigenous knowledge and technologies.
These bodies of knowledge and technologies that are indeed embodied in the diverse African cultures are as old as humankind.
Traditional cultures need neither to reject modernization nor to be absorbed in the streams of modernization. These two must harmonize and complement each other. Now is the time for each nation to seek its own individual and unique way of modernization.Download