What is already known about the subject, related to the paper in question What is not known about the subject and hence what the study intended to examine or what the paper seeks to present In most cases, the background can be framed in just 2—3 sentences, with each sentence describing a different aspect of the information referred to above; sometimes, even a single sentence may suffice.
This is because readers who peruse an abstract do so to learn about the findings of the study. The primary target of this paper is the young researcher; however, authors with all levels of experience may find useful ideas in the paper.
These are listed in Table 1.
A wide variety of acceptably composed backgrounds is provided in Table 2 ; most of these have been adapted from actual papers. Table 3 Open in a separate window Carelessly written methods sections lack information about important issues such as sample size, numbers of patients in different groups, doses of medications, and duration of the study.
Although the primary target of this paper is the young researcher, it is likely that authors with all levels of experience will find at least a few ideas that may be useful in their future efforts. The abstract is the only part of the paper that readers see when they search through electronic databases such as PubMed.
For this, the abstract must have some general qualities. There are some situations, perhaps, where this may be justified. Table 4 presents examples of the contents of accept-ably written methods sections, modified from actual publications. This is unfortunate because the reader is interested in the paper because of its findings, and not because of its background.
Table 4 Open in a separate window Results The results section is the most important part of the abstract and nothing should compromise its range and quality.
The usual sections defined in a structured abstract are the Background, Methods, Results, and Conclusions; other headings with similar meanings may be used eg, Introduction in place of Background or Findings in place of Results. This paper provides detailed suggestions, with examples, for writing the background, methods, results, and conclusions sections of a good abstract.
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. If a title interests them, they glance through the abstract of that paper.
Some authors publish papers the abstracts of which contain a lengthy background section. The purpose of the background, as the word itself indicates, is to provide the reader with a background to the study, and hence to smoothly lead into a description of the methods employed in the investigation.
Table 2 Open in a separate window Methods The methods section is usually the second-longest section in the abstract.The abstract of a paper is the only part of the paper that is published in conference proceedings.
The abstract is the only part of the paper that a potential referee sees when he is invited by an editor to review a. To be honest, in such kind of work as term paper writing, you do not need to have the abstract as a must.
It is not that big to provide it with the abstract. Usually, abstract is written for the complicated works like dissertations or research papers.
Regardless, write your abstract using concise, but complete, sentences. Get to the point quickly and always use the past tense because you are reporting on a study that has been completed.
Although it is the first section of your paper, the abstract, by definition, should be written last since it will summarize the contents of your entire paper.
Dec 22, · How to Write a Term Paper. C's may get degrees, but only an A+ essay earns a place on your grandmother's fridge or your own fridge.
Should I write abstract or go straight into the introduction? wikiHow Contributor. Community Answer. Ordinarily, you would write the introduction and the whole paper first, and the last thing to do 94%(16).
First, write your paper. While the abstract will be at the beginning of your paper, it should be the last section that you write. Once you have completed the final draft of your psychology paper, use it as a guide for writing your abstract.Download