Over time linguistic plurality has resulted in bilingualism or multilingualism. Anthropologists as well as linguists believe that the Austric-speaking groups came earlier than the Dravidian-speaking communities.
However, following the rise of the Indo-Aryan in northwestern India, a linguistic change came and the Dravidian-speak- ing area shrank in its geographical extent.
This traditional association with a language gave them a sense of belonging and thus inculcated in them a feeling of unity with the larger speech community. The Kurukh-Oraon and Malto are confined to Bihar.
Bengali, Marathi and Urdu which follow in the same order have a numerical strength ranging between 43 and 69 million. Hindi, which has the largest number of speakers, is an aggregate of at least fifty different dialect groups. While the domain of Punjabi lies in Punjab, it is widely spoken over the entire northwestern region, particularly Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir and northern Rajasthan.
The languages of this band may be described as constituting the northwestern group of the outer languages.
They became further ramified as the social space within which inter-communication continued was always limited Box 6. Gondi, which is classified as a language of the central Dravidian branch, is the traditional dialect of the Gonds. Ethnic groups have often indulged in competition resulting in inter-ethnic conflicts.
Our knowledge of the early scripts is still incomplete. One can cite the case of Assam, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Mysore now Karnataka where per cent of tribes retained their own language.
It is understood that the Indo-Aryan was the last to arrive. About 93 per cent of its speakers live in Maharashtra alone. An early form of Indo-European seems to have genetic relations with the Hittite speech of Asia Minor. For example, Santals declaring the Santali as their mother tongue or Gonds declaring Gondi as their mother tongue.
About one-half of them live in Bihar, 35 per cent in West Bengal and 13 per cent in Orissa. Devanagari transliteration The Government of India uses Hunterian transliteration as its official system of writing Hindi in the Latin script.
In terms of numerical strength Bengali comes next to Hindi.Hindi (Devanagari: हिन्दी, IAST: Hindī), or Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: मानक हिन्दी, IAST: Mānak Hindī) is a standardised and Sanskritised register of the Hindustani mi-centre.com with the English language, Hindi written in the Devanagari script is the official language of India.
It is one of the 22 scheduled languages of the. Essay on Indian Languages. Article shared by: ADVERTISEMENTS: On the east, a form of language, now known as Eastern Hindi, emerged in Kosali (Awadhi).
Linguists believe that these outer dialects were all more closely related to each other than any one of them was to the language of the midland. Essay ; Essay on Christians in India. यह निबंध बहुत आसान शब्दों का प्रयोग करके बहुत ही सरल और आसान भाषा में लिखे गए हैं। इसे कोई भी छात्र बहुत आसानी से समझ सकता है। हमने स्कूल में दिए जाने.
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