Active voice writing and the use of pronouns

Active is more direct and clear This argument is a summary of 3 of the preceding arguments: Presents an "air" or feeling of logic. American Association for the Advancement of Science Web site: Techniques for clear scientific writing and editing.

When you do, make sure the actor is not ambiguous, be careful to check for dangling modifiers, and avoid abusive nominalizations. This active voice sentence requires fewer words to communicate the same idea as the passive voice version above.

This is an example of an active voice sentence because its subject performs the action expressed in the verb. One can change the normal word order of many active sentences those with a direct object so that the subject is no longer active, but is, instead, being acted upon by the verb - or passive.

Nature Choose the active voice more often than you choose the passive, for the passive voice usually requires more words and often obscures the agent of action. Choose the passive voice when the performer is unknown or when you want to focus on the action or the recipient of the action.

The ball was dropped by me. Because the subject does or "acts upon" the verb in such sentences, the sentences are said to be in the active voice. The emphasis is now on the receiver of the action the structurebut at a price—the sentence has lost its clarity who suggested?

We have analyzed the results. Accessed March 5, Here is a small sampling: Active voice appropriately describes science, which is actively done by scientists. Formal writing uses fewer personal pronouns and less colloquial language, or slang. This may require passive voice.

Make sure your passive sentences are intentional and not habitual. Active Voice or Passive Voice? Some notes on Science style.

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The results have been analyzed [by us]. This is an example of the active voice because the sentence subject performs the action.

In addition to allowing an author to vary the sentence structure, the passive voice has other important functions.

Passive Voice in English Grammar

The subject of a passive-voice construction is known as a patient. This passive voice sentence is less concise than its active voice counterpart shown below. These are called the subject, the direct object and the indirect object. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission.

Molecular structure of nucleic acids.

Rhetoric and Composition/Active and Passive Voice

Even in scientific writing, too much use of passive voice can cloud the meaning of your sentences. George Gopen, Expectations, p.

There is no word to become the subject of the sentence. More important than the active vs. It may be the case that the actor is completely obvious, in which case it is fine to leave her out. Use passive when necessary to maintain cohesion.

The Journal of Neuroscience. Many journals indirectly do so by referring authors to a style manual that supports the active voice, or by publishing articles in which active-voice sentences are common and acceptable. The Butler was offered a reward by the man. In most English sentences with an action verb, the subject performs the action denoted by the verb.

Journal of the American Academy of Ophthalmology. We will ask authors that rely heavily on use of the passive voice to re-write manuscripts in the active voice.In the passive voice, important information is moved to the front of a sentence, and the person or thing who performs the action is left off.

In English grammar, we use the passive to avoid saying who or what performed an action.

Using the active and passive voice in research writing

Active voice: Avoid contractions in formal writing. Passive voice: Contractions should be avoided in formal writing. The examples above for first- and second-person pronouns make use of the institutional passive, which omits the agent. “Active vs. Passive Voice in Scientific Writing” Contact us via email at [email protected] •discourage the use of personal pronouns.

4/8/ 12 Journal Editors Want Active Voice! “Active vs. Passive Voice in Scientific Writing”. Well, Brian is right, the first step is to help people understand the difference between active and passive voice, because many people believe they should avoid the passive voice, but fewer people can define it or recognize it.

For vigorous, clear writing, opt for the active voice unless you have good reasons for choosing the passive voice. Choose the passive voice when the performer is unknown or when you want to focus on the action or the recipient of the action.

It is generally preferable to use the ACTIVE voice.

To change a passive voice sentence into an active voice sentence, simply reverse the steps shown above. 1. Move the passive sentence's subject into the active sentence's direct object slot.

Clear Science Writing: Active Voice or Passive Voice?

2. Remove the auxiliary.

Active voice writing and the use of pronouns
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